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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 1995  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 273-9

Effect of maternal iron deficiency anaemia on foetal outcome.


Departments of Pathology and Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University College of Medical Science, Shahdara, Delhi

Correspondence Address:
U Rusia
Departments of Pathology and Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University College of Medical Science, Shahdara, Delhi

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 8819659

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One hundred and two pregnant women and their neonates were examined to evaluate the effect of maternal haemoglobin concentration (Hb. conc) and iron deficiency anaemia on the placental weight and the foetal outcome. Haematological and serum ferritin values were determined. It was observed that 34.3% of the pregnant women were anaemic. Maternal Hb conc. and serum ferritin showed a highly significant correlation (r = 0.40, p < 0.001) indicating that iron deficiency was the most important cause of anaemia amongst them. The maternal Hb conc. showed a significant correlation with placental weight (p < 0.05), birth weight (p < 0.01), Apgar score (p < 0.001) and birth asphyxia. Maternal serum ferritin also correlated positively with cord ferritin (p < 0.001). The study did not reveal any association between high Hb and adverse foetal outcome.


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