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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 1996  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 277-80

Evaluation of HBsAg carrier rate in acute viral hepatitis and high risk individuals using RPHA and ELISA.


Department of Microbiology, Goa Medical College, Bamboli

Correspondence Address:
A Korgaonkar
Department of Microbiology, Goa Medical College, Bamboli

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 9009478

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A total of 600 individuals including 500 cases of hepatitis and 100 individuals at high risk for developing hepatitis were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) using reverse passive haemagglutination (RPHA) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). HBsAg carrier rate in clinically diagnosed cases of hepatitis was 38% and 32.4% by RPHA and ELISA respectively. In high risk individuals, the carrier rate was 14% by RPHA and 11% by ELISA. Taking ELISA as gold standard, RPHA showed 5.33% false positivity and 0.33% false negativity. The over all correlation between RPHA and ELISA was to the tune of 82.66%.


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