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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 1998  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 141-6

Observations on hepatic structure and function in fibro-calculous pancreatic diabetes (FCPD) vis-a-vis other diabetic subtypes.


Department of Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, School of Tropical Medicine, Calcutta

Correspondence Address:
P S Chattopadhyay
Department of Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, School of Tropical Medicine, Calcutta

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 9670624

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Investigations of liver function and histology were undertaken in thirty four patients with Fibrocalculous Pancreatic Diabetes (FCPD). The data obtained were compared with those of similarly aged members of a diabetic control group comprising twelve patients with Protein Deficient Diabetes Mellitus (PDDM), twelve with Type 1 diabetes or Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) and four young patients with Type 2 Diabetes of Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM). None of them had apparent past or present liver disease. Elevations of serum ALT (SGPT) and alkaline phosphatase levels were fairly common and was often associated with mild fatty changes and occasionally with focal necrosis and inflammatory changes. Cirrhosis and inflammatory changes per se were infrequent and fatty changes per se did not occur. In contrast patients belonging to the other diabetic subsets were very occasionally afflicted with hepatic abnormalities or not afflicted at all. We propose that loss of hepatotrophic actions mediated by insulin and glucagon could initiate and/or enhance hepatic abnormalities in FCPD where deficiencies of insulin and glucagon coexist.


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