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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2000  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 73-6

Fasciolopslasis--a re-emerging infection in Azamgarh (Uttar Pradesh).


Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160012, India

Correspondence Address:
H S Bhatti
Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160012, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 12583425

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Fasciolopsiasis is endemic in the far east. In India, there have been a few reports of the infection, prior to the 1990's. We report two cases from Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh. Both the cases were from nearby villages where water chestnuts are cultivated. These may be a source of infection. Pigs are commonly observed in these areas and and may be the source of ova. The only missing link is the finding of infected snails. Presence of at least three cases (one reported earlier) in the area indicates the potential for the infection to re-emerge. Further epidemiological studies are needed to analyse the various ecological factors of transmission. Fasciolopsiasis is endemic in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Thailand. In India, (Fascilopsis buski) infections in man have been reported earlier from Assam, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and parts of Uttar Pradesh. However, to the best of our knowledge, no such reports have been made since 1990's. We herewith report two recent cases from district Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh (U.P.), India. Factors, such as cultivation of water chestnuts, presence of snails as intermediate hosts and pigs as definitive host in this geographical area seem to be suggestive of an endemic focus and thus needs further epidemiological survey for preventive and control measures, at the earliest.


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