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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 315-8

Human toxocariasis and ascariasis : concomitant parasitism in Srinagar, Kashmir, India.


Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh

Correspondence Address:
Bashir Ahmad
Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 12785174

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Human toxocariasis caused by Toxocara canis is common in both developing and developed countries and leads to visceral larva migrans with high morbidity and mortality. Ascariasis caused by Ascaris lumbricoides, too has global distribution and in India, high prevalence rate has been reported in Kashmir (J & K State). Both nematode parasites, Toxocara canis and A. lumbricoides require similar biological and environmental conditions for the development of eggs in soil. Therefore, the present study was attempted to detect the antibody response to T. Canis excretory-secretory (ES) antigen by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in patients attending Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Kashmir to assess the magnitude of human toxocariasis in Kashmir, the highly endemic area of ascariasis. Interestingly, it was observed that 38 (82.60%) out of 46 patients harbouring Ascaris Iumbricoides had positive antibody response to T. Canis ES antigen while none of the 15 normal healthy subjects from the same endemic zone, 25 from low endemic zone Chandigarh and 15 from other parasitic infections (hookworm, hydatidosis, cysticercosis) indicated detectable positive response. Majority of the ascariasis positive patients studied were in the age group of 21-40 years. However, one ascariasis patient studied in the age group of 1-10 years (4 years old) had also positive antibody response to T. Canis antigen. This study is the first report of human toxocariasis in Kashmir, India, an endemic zone for ascariasis and emphasizes the need for detailed epidemiological study for the ultimate prevention and control of this disease


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