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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 319-22

Profile of transfusion transmissible infections and associated risk factors among blood donors of Kerala.


Department of Blood Transfusion Services, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala

Correspondence Address:
Jaisy Mathai
Department of Blood Transfusion Services, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 12785175

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Blood transfusion is an important mode of transmission of infections to the recipient. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of transfusion transmissible infections and the possible risk factors among blood donors. During the study period (1994-99) donor samples were screened for HBsAg, HIV, HCV and Syphilis. The relevant donor history was examined to identify the risk factors leading to transfusion transmissible infections. The prevalence of infection was 3.1% among donors, with HBsAg constituting 1.3%, HCV 1.4%, HIV 0.2% and RPR 0.2%. In a classification based on occupation, class III donors (drivers, Businessmen & men in uniform) showed a significantly higher incidence of transfusion transmissible infections for HIV (0.38%) and Syphilis (0.36%). Health care workers constituted only a small fraction of the study; prevalence of infections was low among them. History of jaundice or hospitalization was not associated with higher incidence of seropositivity. Seropositivity for HIV is relatively low compared to similar studies conducted in other regions of the country. This finding is attributed to the pre donation counseling in donor selection. An important outcome of the study is that Class III donors form a high-risk group for transfusion transmissible infections.


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