LGCmain
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
Home About us Instructions Submission Subscribe Advertise Contact e-Alerts Ahead Of Print Login 
Users Online: 2398
Print this page  Email this page Bookmark this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
IJPM is coming out with a Special issue on "Genitourinary & Gynecological pathology including Breast". Please submit your articles for these issues
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 528-31

Incidence of megaloblastic anaemia and its correction in leishmaniasis--a prospective study at BPKIHS hospital, Nepal.


Department of Pathology, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Arvind K Sinha
Department of Pathology, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 17183843

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Fifty (50) cases of Leishmaniasis were included in a prospective study after making the diagnosis based on the demonstration of L D Bodies on bone marrow aspirate. Hemoglobin (Hb) and total leucocyte count (TLC) were less than 10 gm/dl and 4000 per/ml respectively in 22 out of 50 cases. Among 50 cases, 30 showed macrocytic red cell and hypersegmented neutrophils on peripheral blood smear as features of megaloblastic anemia. Out of 30 cases of leishmaniasis with megaloblastic anemia, 10 cases showed decreased reticulocyte count. Bone marrow aspiration cytology showed megaloblastic maturation in erythroid series and giant metamyelocytes in myeloid series in all 30 cases of leishmaniasis with megaloblastic changes. Bone marrow iron was also increased in these cases. However megakaryocyte was normal in all. Among 30 cases of leishmaniasis with megaloblastic changes, 15 cases were treated with sodium antimony gluconate (SAG) only and other 15 with SAG, folic acid and Vit. B12. Rest 20 cases of leishmaniasis without megaloblastic changes were also treated with SAG only. After treatment with SAG alone as well as with SAG, folic acid and vit. B12, hemoglobin and TLC improved in all 50 cases. Of 15 cases of leishmaniasis with megaloblastic changes, who were treated with SAG, folic acid and vit. B12, the reticulocyte count reached at peak on the 7th day and normalized at the end of 4th week. Red blood cells (RBC) also became normocytic normochromic and neutrophils became normal on peripheral blood smear. But no change was observed in reticulocyte count, RBC and white blood cell (WBC) morphology on peripheral blood smear in cases of leishmaniasis without megaloblastic changes and other 15 cases of leishmaniasis with megaloblastic changes, who received SAG only.


[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed772    
    Printed31    
    Emailed2    
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal