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CASE REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 113-114

Transient thrombocytosis with megathrombocytes in a case of acute myeloblastic leukemia


1 Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences and Associated Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, New Delhi - 110 095, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences and Associated Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, New Delhi - 110 095, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrinalini Kotru
Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences and Associated Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, New Delhi - 110 095
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.44992

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Thrombocytosis is commonly seen in reactive conditions and certain neoplastic states, such as chronic myeloproliferative disorders. It is rarely seen in acute leukemia. A 12-year-old girl with acute myeloblastic leukemia (FAB M2) in remission presented with pyoderma. Her hemogram revealed anemia (Hb-6.4g/dl), leucopenia (TLC - 1.2 x 109/L) and thrombocytosis (platelet count- 580 x 109/L). A peripheral blood film showed numerous abnormally large platelets with few atypical cells. The thrombocytosis subsided with the clearance of infection but atypical cells persisted. One month later, she relapsed. Cytogenetic analysis revealed variable results (trisomy 9 and deletion 3). This case has been presented because thrombocytosis is rare in AML and its appearance calls for a close follow-up.


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