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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 141-143

Blood stream infection by an emerging pathogen Oligella ureolytica in a cancer patient: Case report and review of literature


1 Department of Microbiology, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India
2 Department of Oncopathology, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India
3 Department of Clinical Oncology, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Frincy K Baruah
Department of Microbiology, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Dilshad Garden, Delhi - 110 095, H/N-160c, Pock-F, GTB Enclave, Nand Nagari, New Delhi - 110 093
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.130928

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Oligella ureolytica is an emerging bacteria rarely implicated as a human pathogen. It is infrequently recovered from clinical specimens probably because of inadequate processing of non-fermenting oxidase positive Gram negative bacilli. We present here a case of a 30 year old male suffering from right lung adenocarcinoma (moderately differentiated) with multiple abdominal lymph node metastasis with Syringohydromyelia whose blood culture yielded Oligella ureolytica in pure culture. Oligella ureolytica isolation in pure culture and the patient's response to targeted treatment supported that Oligella ureolytica was the true causative agent of the blood stream infection. Early suspicion, diagnosis and treatment with potent antibiotics are needed to prevent further complications resulting from infection with this emerging pathogen.


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