LGCmain
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
Home About us Instructions Submission Subscribe Advertise Contact e-Alerts Ahead Of Print Reader Login
Users Online: 6173
Print this page  Email this page Bookmark this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Export selected to
Endnote
Reference Manager
Procite
Medlars Format
RefWorks Format
BibTex Format
  Access statistics : Table of Contents
   2000| January  | Volume 43 | Issue 1  
    Online since October 12, 2009

 
 
  Archives   Previous Issue   Next Issue   Most popular articles   Most cited articles
 
Hide all abstracts  Show selected abstracts  Export selected to
  Viewed PDF Cited
Salmonella 3, 10 :r : toxicity in rabbit ileum and liver by light and electron microscopy.
R C Yashroy
January 2000, 43(1):17-22
PMID:12583414
Salmonella 3, 10:r:- (a monophasic variety of otherwise diphasic serotypes such as S. weltevreden and S. simi) Cell_free filtrate, when introduded into rabbit ligated ileal loops causes fluid exsorption, as studied 18-hr after treatment. Light microscopic histology of treated ileum shows denudation of the columnar epithelium at several places, thereby allowing the passage of the toxic principle into circulation. An important target organ, liver shows extensive centrilobular necrosis, as observed by light microscopy. Transmission electron microscopy of ileum reveals opening of membrane junctions between the adjacent cells of epithelial lining of the treated ileum at places, and focal devitalization including formation of intra-cellular membranous inclusinos. Electron microscopy of liver shows extensive damage and swelling of cytoplasmic membranes. However, the areas of darkly staining lamellae of granulated endoplasmic reticulum are also seen in stacks as will as dispersed. These studies stress that Salmonella toxic substances can cause extensive damage to intestine and liver both.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  2,890 89 -
Platelet transfusion practice during dengue fever epidemic.
N D Kumar, V Tomar, B Singh, K Kela
January 2000, 43(1):55-60
PMID:12583421
Blood components especially platelet concentrates due to their short shelf life are frequently in limited supply. Appropriate use of blood components is required to ensure their availability for needy patients as well as to avoid the unnecessary risk of transfusion-transmitted diseases. Medical audit of blood transfusion practice, which forms an important part of quality assurance programme in a transfusion centre, can provide grounds for improvement in transfusion medicine practice. During the epidemic of dengue fever in Oct., 1996, 1837 patients were admitted as dengue haemorrhagic fever in a teaching hospital in Delhi. Two hundred and eight patients (11.3%) were given platelet transfusions. Retrospective analysis of these platelet transfusions was done. It was observed that in only 52 (25%) out of 208 patients the information on platelet counts was provided. History of active bleeding was obtained only in 65 (31.2%) patients. About 35% patients received unnecessary prophylactic transfusions and during 89% of the transfusion episodes inappropriate dose of platelet concentrate was given. Information regarding post-transfusion recovery could be obtained in only 16.5% of transfusion episodes. The study emphasises the need for development of specific guidelines for transfusion of blood components, constant interaction and co-ordination amongst clinicians and transfusion centre for implementation of these guidelines, and a regular medical audit to review the optimal utilisation of blood components.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  1,180 715 -
Immunoglobulin-M estimation and C-reactive protein detection in neonatal septicemia.
B V Krishna, S D Nadgir, S S Tallur
January 2000, 43(1):35-40
PMID:12583417
Immunoglobulin-M estimation, and C-Reactive Protein test and blood culture were performed on 57 neonates, clinically suspected to have septicemia. IgM level of > or = 20 mg/dl was found in 58.62% cases and CRP test was positive in 68.98% of culture proven sepsis. Blood culture was positive in 29 cases, with the predominant organism being Klebsiella. Of the 2 tests, CRP had a higher sensitivity (68.97%) while IgM estimation had a higher specificity (82.14%). When the 2 tests were considered together the sensitivity and specificity further increased. Death rate among neonates with IgM levels < 20 mg/dl was 5 times higher than those with elevated IgM levels.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  599 180 -
Human ocular dirofilariasis in Kerala Southern India.
H S Sekhar, H Srinivasa, R R Batru, E Mathai, S Shariff, R S Macaden
January 2000, 43(1):77-9
PMID:12583426
A twenty-six year old female presented to the Ophthalmology OPD with swelling of the upper eyelid. On excision, two long, thin, dead worms were removed. Microscopic and HPE showed the worms to belong to the Dirofilaria species.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  552 187 -
Cerebral chromoblastomicosis--a rare case report of cerebral abscess and brief review of literature--a case report.
M C Vyas, Y R Joshi, N Bhargava, K R Joshi, R K Tanwar
January 2000, 43(1):81-5
PMID:12583427
A rare case of Cerebral Chromomycosis caused by chromogenic fungus Cladosporium trichoides in a 35 year old male with classical presentation of cerebral abscess is being presented. The case report lays emphasis on the histological diagnosis of chromogenic fungus in the wall of the abscess cavity, surgically removed from a well delineated circumscribed lesion in the frontal lobe of the cerebrum. The causative fungus could be detected even in unstained paraffin sections. The diagnosis could be made only after surgical removal and histopathological examination. The mycological culture could not be made as the material was received in formaldehyde fixative. The unique features of the case is its recurrence free uneventful survival five years after surgical excision. This is probably the fifth reported case of cerebral chromomycosis from India and first of its type from arid zone of Rajasthan.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  592 145 -
Diagnostic stromal histomorphology in fibroepithelial breast lesions : a fresh perspective.
H M Aiyer, M Jain, S Thomas, K B Logani
January 2000, 43(1):5-12
PMID:12583412
Histopathologic parameters were studied in fibroepithelial breast lesions comprising of Fibroadenomas (FAs), Juvenile cellular fibroadenomas (JCFs) as well as benign, borderline and malignant phyllodes tumours (B/Bo/MPTs). H & E stained sections of 67 cases (25 ICFA, 5 Mixed FA, 10 PCFA, 12 JCF and 15 PT) were retrieved from archival material and the microscopic features of each lesion, reviewed by two independent observers. A diagnosis was arrived at by consensus. Diagnostic criteria were laid down for each of the above lesions based on a statistical analysis of data obtained from a previously drawn up semiquantitative grading system for various stromal histomorphologic parameters. An increasing grade of stromal cellularity, pleomorphism, overgrowth and mitotic index was observed, from the benign to the borderline and overtly malignant lesions included in the spectrum. A semiquantitative grading of relevant stromal histomorphologic variables was found to be of immense diagnostic significance in fibroepithelial breast lesions and served to elucidate cases falling into the diagnostic grey zones of the spectrum.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  605 128 -
Accuracy of cytological findings in abnormal cervical smears by cytohistologic comparison.
M G Mostafa, S Srivannaboon, M Rachanawutanon
January 2000, 43(1):23-9
PMID:12583415
To investigate the accuracy rates of cytology in abnormal cervical smears and the factors contributing to a discrepant diagnosis between cytology and histology repots of cervical intraepithelial and invasive neoplasm. During the four-year period 1993 to 1996, abnormal cervical smear findings, which were followed by cervical biopsy, were available in 709 patients. The cytology and histology slides were reviewed in each case. The accuracy rates of cytology before and after review were investigated. The accuracy rate of cytology was 48%. Following review it became 56%, mainly due to a reduction in the number of cases in which the smear showed a lesser degree of CIN than did the biopsy. The proportion of cases in which the cytological impression of CIN was more severe than the histology was minimally altered. The results suggest that difficulty in the interpretation of cervical smear as well as sampling errors are responsible for reduced accuracy even in smears which are considered representative of the pathological process.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  518 168 -
Fasciolopslasis--a re-emerging infection in Azamgarh (Uttar Pradesh).
H S Bhatti, N Malla, R C Mahajan, R Sehgal
January 2000, 43(1):73-6
PMID:12583425
Fasciolopsiasis is endemic in the far east. In India, there have been a few reports of the infection, prior to the 1990's. We report two cases from Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh. Both the cases were from nearby villages where water chestnuts are cultivated. These may be a source of infection. Pigs are commonly observed in these areas and and may be the source of ova. The only missing link is the finding of infected snails. Presence of at least three cases (one reported earlier) in the area indicates the potential for the infection to re-emerge. Further epidemiological studies are needed to analyse the various ecological factors of transmission. Fasciolopsiasis is endemic in China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Thailand. In India, (Fascilopsis buski) infections in man have been reported earlier from Assam, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and parts of Uttar Pradesh. However, to the best of our knowledge, no such reports have been made since 1990's. We herewith report two recent cases from district Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh (U.P.), India. Factors, such as cultivation of water chestnuts, presence of snails as intermediate hosts and pigs as definitive host in this geographical area seem to be suggestive of an endemic focus and thus needs further epidemiological survey for preventive and control measures, at the earliest.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  528 114 -
Salmonella types and antibiotic susceptibility : a six months survey.
S K Sanghavi, M P Mane, K B Niphadkar
January 2000, 43(1):31-4
PMID:12583416
A total of 51 Salmonella strains were isolated during the six month period of May 1998 till October 1998. Of these, 41 (80.3%) were Salmonella typhi, 5 (9.8%) Salmonella pararyphi A,2 (3.9%) Salmonella worthington and 1 (1.9%) Salmonella senftenberg. The prevalent phage and biotype of Salmonella typhi was E1 (75%) and type 1 (90.2%) respectively. The commonest pattern of multiple drug resistance in Salmonella typhi was ACCoT and 92.5% of these belonged to phage E1. Out of the five Salmonella paratyphi A, one belonged to phage type 1 and the others were untypable. Similarly both the strains of Salmonella typhimurium were untypable. Thus the predominant isolate was Salmonella typhi and the commonest phage and biotype were E1 and biotype1 respectively.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  513 111 -
The mechanism of ampicillin resistance in enterobacteriaceae isolated in Vellore.
S M Jesudason, S G Amyes
January 2000, 43(1):51-3
PMID:12583420
Ampicillin resistance in clinical isolates of enterobacteriaceae has been on the increase in the last decade. A study was carried out to delineate the possible mechanisms of this resistance. The method employed was isoelectric focussing to observe the electrophoretic mobility of the enzyme responsible and this showed that TEM 1 betalactamase was the cause irrespective of the species.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  519 93 -
Study of coagulase negative staphylococci isolated from blood and CSF cultures.
K S Seetha, P K Santosh, P G Shivananda
January 2000, 43(1):41-5
PMID:12583418
Coagulase negative Staphylococci (CONS) which were considered as laboratory contaminants and normal flora of skin in man, have emerged as opportunistic pathogens. The infection with CONS has been reported since 1950 with increasing frequency and has been implicated as the causative agents of certain categories of patients viz, neonates with sepsis, cardiac patients with prosthetic valves, immunocompromided patients which include end-renal stage disease, and renal transplantation, burns and cancer patient. These are causing problems to clinicians because of their drug resistance. 180 strains of CONS isolated from blood and CSF during the period of 2 years (Jan 1997-Dec 1998) were studied. Not only they were resistant to Penicillin (P), Ampicillin, (Amp), Oxacillin (Ox), but also developing resistance to Vancomycin (Van) which pose a therapeutic problem. So this study was undertaken and this area needs further exploration.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  477 121 -
Wolman's disease--a case report.
R Panchagnula, C Britto, J Vinod, S Anuradha, P Damodar
January 2000, 43(1):91-2
PMID:12583429
Wolman's disease is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder. We report a case, which we identified with foamy histiocytes in bone marrow and adrenal calcification in radiological imaging. The diagnosis can be made on minimal investigation when clinically suspected. But cytogenetic study is required to substantiate the diagnosis further.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  452 130 -
Carcinoma arising within fibroadenoma--a case report.
P Vaideeswar, C Madiwale, A Sivaraman
January 2000, 43(1):87-9
PMID:12583428
A rare case of ductal carcinoma-in-situ in multiple fibroadenomas of the breast in a 43 year old female is reported.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  479 95 -
Fibrous histiocytoma of orbit : a case report.
M S Bal, S P Singh, K Jindal, K K Thakur
January 2000, 43(1):93-5
PMID:12583430
A fifty year male (K.S.) presented with protrusion (Proptosis) of left eye which was gradually increasing in size for the last one year. The swelling was accompanied by pain for the last fifteen days. Preoperative X-ray & computed tomography showed erosion of frontal sinus & roof of maxillary sinus. Clinical diagnosis of a malignant tumour of eye was made & enucleation of the left eye, along with the mass was done. The specimen was received in the pathology department on 16.9.98. Grossly, encapsulated mass attached with the intact eye ball was received. The mass measured 5x3x2.5 cms. Microscopic examination revealed a benign spindle cell neoplasm and a diagnosis of fibrous histiocytoma (dermatofibroma) was made.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  492 77 -
Fasciolopsiasis--a persisting problem in eastern U.P.--a case report.
S Muralidhar, L Srivastava, P Aggarwal, N Jain, D K Sharma
January 2000, 43(1):69-71
PMID:12583424
Fasciolopsiasis, or infection by the intestinal fluke, Fascilopsis buski, is endemic in the eastern states of our country. While it is by no means a rarity, especially in the rural set up, awareness regarding this common parasitic infestation is still a much-needed entity. The importance of a strong degree of suspicion and early diagnosis cannot be over emphasised, if a successful campaign is to be launched in its control. With this as our central theme, we proceed to report a case of and unsually heavy Fasciolopsis buski infection in our hospital, which had failed to be diagnosed in a semi urban setup in UP.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  456 111 -
P 53 and PCNA in Non Hodgkin's lymphoma--an immunohistochemical evaluation.
U Burra, P Shanthi, K B Krishnan, M Madhavan
January 2000, 43(1):61-4
PMID:12583422
P 53 positivity and PCNA labelling index were studied in 50 cases of node based Non Hodgkin's lymphomas, P 53 positivity was observed in a spectrum of these disorders, suggesting that P 53 mutations play a role in the genesis of these tumours. P 53 positivity incresed from low through intermediate to high grade tumours and thus may be of prognostic value in these lesions. PCNA labelling index (LI) was higher in high grade tumours. P 53 and PCNA immunoreactivity showed a relationship in that PCNA LI was seen to be more than 30% in P 53 positive tumours. P 53 positivity appears to be related to the subtype and proliferation rate of NHL.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  505 42 -
Immune complex mediated lesions in experimental Kala azar : an ultrastructural study.
A Jain, M Berthwal, V Tiwari, S C Maitra
January 2000, 43(1):13-6
PMID:12583413
Immune complexes play an important role in causation of renal lesions in various diseases. Circulating immune comlexes (CIC) are described in Kala azar. Role of CIC in pathogenesis of Kalaazar is discussed in present study. BALB/C mice were experimentally infected with L. donovani promastigotes. After visceralisation of infection, sera and kidneys of infected mice were preserved. Leishmanial antigen specific CIC could be demonstrated in 100% of infected mice by PEG ELISA, while they were absent in control mice. Ultrastructural pattern of renal lesions in infected mice showed presence of focal small electron dense deposits in glomerular basement membrane and subepithelial space, resembling immune complexes (humps). Rarely subendothelial and mesangial hypercellularity was present. These findings point towards a definite role of CIC in pathogenesis of renal lesions in Kalaazar.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  490 55 -
Bone marrow necrosis in paediatric patients.
K Devi, L Patnaik, S Chakravorty, K Mishra, G N Mohanty
January 2000, 43(1):47-50
PMID:12583419
Necrosis of bone marrow is a very rare condition with a prevalence ranging from 0.15 to 7 percent. It is mostly not compatible with life. We diagnosed four cases of necrotic marrow out of 830 bone marrow aspirations done in last five years of time. All were paediatric patients having peripheral pancytopenia. Three out of four patients expired within one month of diagnosis.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  481 58 -
A study of yeast carriage on hands of hospital personnel.
S Kumar, R Batra
January 2000, 43(1):65-7
PMID:12583423
The present study was conducted by culture with a modified broth wash technique to examine the frequency of yeast carriage on the hands of 60 nurses and 35 nonnursing hospital employees. Seventy two percent of the nurses and 80% of the nonnurses were harbouring yeast on their hands. Candida spp. were isolated in 57% on of nurses and 34% of nonnurses. Ninety percent of nurses working in nursing home care unit (NHCU), 50% working in intensive care unit (ICU) and 75% working in outpatient department (OPD) carried yeasts on their hands. Only 80% of nonnurses staff harboured yeasts on their hands.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  482 50 -
Lipoprotein (a) and coronary artery disease in Indians.
S K Shahi, S Ranga
January 2000, 43(1):1-3
PMID:12583411
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  228 84 -
Minimally invasive hyalinising trabecular carcinoma.
P Kumar, K R Chatura, H R Chandrasekhar
January 2000, 43(1):99-100
PMID:12583432
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  270 37 -
Dermoid cyst of the testis--a rare entity.
V Maheshwari, K Alam, A H Khan, S P Tyagi
January 2000, 43(1):97-8
PMID:12583431
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  239 49 -
Cholera epidemic in and around Loni a rural area in western Maharashtra.
U P Gujrathi, K Sivarajan, S G Kulkarni
January 2000, 43(1):101-2
PMID:12583433
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  205 46 -
  Search 
  The Journal 
  Site Statistics 
  Addresses 
  My Preferences 
  Online Submission 
  Editorial Board