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   2006| January  | Volume 49 | Issue 1  
    Online since April 5, 2008

 
 
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Rubella prevalence and its transmission in children.
A Chakravarti, M Jain
January 2006, 49(1):54-6
PMID:16625980
Rubella is a major cause of birth defects among the TORCH group of agents causing congenital anomalies. Almost all the symptomatic infected infants have long-term neurological sequelae & many asymptomatic infants also develop deafness or psychomotor retardation later in life. In India need for rubella prevention & control is being recognized. Before formulating any kind of rubella vaccination policies, data on the burden of disease is important. Hence the prevalence of rubella in children and their transmission was evaluated. Paired sera of 146 babies with suspected intra uterine infection and their mothers from lower socioeconomic strata was tested for IgM antibodies by commercially available Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) kits. Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) was confirmed in babies presenting with rubella compatible defects with positive IgM antibodies against rubella. It was seen that out of 146-paired samples evaluated, 15-paired samples (10.27%) were positive for IgM antibodies. The transmission rate of rubella virus from mother to child when the mother was infected was around 55.55% according to this study. CRS prevalence of 10.27% among symptomatic infants is significant as a large majority of rubella infection remains undetected and hence the actual burden of the disease may be higher. Since the disease is preventable by an effective vaccination, strategies for rubella immunization should be developed and enhanced.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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A clinicomicrobiological study on the importance of pseudomonas in nosocomially infected ICU patients, with special reference to metallo beta1-lactamase production.
B Sarkar, D Biswas, R Prasad, JP Sharma
January 2006, 49(1):44-8
PMID:16625977
The present study was conducted with a view to assess the burden of pseudomonal infection in ICU patients of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Uttaranchal. Of the 525 patients selected for the study, during a 1-year period, 60 patients developed features of nosocomial infection and among them Pseudomonas was isolated from one or more samples in 18 patients. The isolated strains were speciated and further characterized for determining their antibiogram and for production of beta-lactamase, extended spectrum beta-lactamase and metallo-beta-lactamase enzymes. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the commonest species isolated (54.54%) and endotracheal suction material showed the highest bacterial yield. Polymyxin B was found to be the most effective antibiotic followed by imipenem and carbenicillin. Though no strain was found to be producing beta-lactamase and extended spectrum beta-lactamase enzymes, a total of 12 strains (54.54%) were metallo-beta-lactamase producers. For all the beta lactam antibiotics, excepting aztreonam, the metallo-beta-lactamase producers showed more resistance compared to the non-producers.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Anti Kell allo-antibody in a thalassaemic.
B Thakral, K Saluja, Ratti Ram Sharma, N Marwaha, RK Marwaha
January 2006, 49(1):37-9
PMID:16625974
We describe a case of incidental detection of anti Kell antibody in a child with transfusion dependent thalassaemia. Kell antibody detection may be missed by routine indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) crossmatch procedure because of low prevalence of Kell antigen in the general population. A false negative result can be avoided by using sensitive cross matching techniques and screening cells representing antigens in homozygous state, against all clinically significant antibodies. A transfusion alert card describing the nature of antibody and future transfusion policy should be given to such allo-immunized patients.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
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Cell adherence--a determinant of virulence in Yersinia enterocolitica.
M Lal, H Kaur, LK Gupta, I Roma
January 2006, 49(1):49-50
PMID:16625978
The adherence of pathogenic bacteria to eukaryotic cells plays a central role in their ability to colonize the mucosal epithelial surfaces. The adherence by Y. enterocolitica to the mucosal surface of the gut is the initiating event leading to penetration of mucosa. Adhesion of 10 probable pathogenic and one non-pathogenic isolate was studied using ileum and colon epithelial cells of mouse for 90 minutes. Adhesion study revealed that isolates of Y. enterocolitica had a good adhesive property while non pathogenic showed negligible adherence. All isolates showed better adherence to colon epithelial cells. The organism continued to be excreted in faeces up to 8-10 days after oral feeding. Adhesion positive isolates were found to be virulent when tested in mice for diarrhoea and death. Adhesion was found to be thermoregulated.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Immature mediastinal teratoma--a rare pathology.
J Chakraborty, Prabir Chandra Paul, S Chakrabarti, S Bhattacharyya, R Sarkar
January 2006, 49(1):32-3
PMID:16625971
A 9 year old female presented with 8 months history of right sided chest pain and respiratory distress. Chest X-ray revealed a large anterior mediastinal mass. Histopathology of the mass revealed features of an immature teratoma. The case is being presented because of its rare occurrence in the mediastinum.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
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Spontaneous tumour lysis syndrome associated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma--a case report.
SM Ahamed, RS Varma, T Mathew, A Hamide, Bhawana A Badhe
January 2006, 49(1):26-8
PMID:16625969
Spontaneous tumour lysis syndrome is characterized by hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, metabolic acidosis and hypocalcemia, that occur even prior to the treatment of a neoplasm. This rare occurrence was encountered in a patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), of follicular cell type. Conservative but intensive treatment led to complete resolution. Subsequent chemotherapy was well tolerated.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Significance of AgNOR score in benign and malignant soft tissue tumours.
N Khan, P Sood, Shaista M Vasenwala, N Afroz, AK Verma
January 2006, 49(1):17-20
PMID:16625965
AgNOR staining was employed on FNAC and histopathological sections obtained from patients with soft tissue tumours. The study comprised of 20 normal appearing soft tissues, 74 benign and 36 malignant soft tissue tumours. The slides were stained with AgNOR in order to differentiate between benign and malignant soft tissue tumours. The mean AgNOR count in normal appearing soft tissues, benign lesions and malignant lesions was 1.04+/-0.10 (0.94-1.14), 1.51+/-0.21 (1.1-2.1) and 4.96+/-1.33 (2.57-7.21) respectively. The mean AgNOR count was found to be higher in benign soft tissue tumours as compared to normal appearing soft tissues and the difference was found to be statistically significant. The mean AgNOR count in soft tissue sarcomas was found to be higher as compared to both normal appearing soft tissues and benign soft tissue tumours and the results were found to be statistically significant. The increased AgNOR score in both benign and malignant soft tissue tumours as compared to normal appearing soft tissues indicates high proliferative activity. Thus AgNOR staining is a simple and useful method for estimating tumour cell proliferation thereby differentiating normal appearing soft tissues from benign and malignant soft tissue tumours.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Inappropriate platelet transfusion in a patient with ethylenediamine tetra- acetic acid (EDTA)--induced pseudothrombocytopenia.
N Kakkar, G Garg
January 2006, 49(1):29-31
PMID:16625970
Automated platelet counts in the laboratory may be fictitiously low at times and require manual confirmation. Ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (EDTA) in few patients and healthy individuals can induce platelet aggregation, giving rise to a spuriously low automated platelet count. This phenomenon which occurs due to the presence of IgG antibodies, if unrecognized, can result in incorrect diagnosis and consequent inappropriate treatment. We present a patient who received inappropriate platelet transfusion as a result of EDTA induced spurious thrombocytopenia.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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Macrofollicular encapsulated papillary thyroid carcinoma--a case report.
S Ravindra, SR Niveditha, V Geethamani, R Rangaswamy
January 2006, 49(1):24-6
PMID:16625968
Macrofollicular encapsulated papillary thyroid carcinoma (MEPC) is a rare variant of papillary carcinoma of thyroid with a favourable clinical course. It could be mistaken for a follicular neoplasm or a hyperplastic nodule. We report cytological and histopathological features of this rare variant of papillary carcinoma in a 22 year old female with brief review of literature.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
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Malignant glomus tumour--a case report.
Shaista Manan Vasenwala, Aftab A Iraqi, S Ahmad, L Khan, S Zaheer, Reema Manan Vasenwala
January 2006, 49(1):40-1
PMID:16625975
Glomus tumours are usually benign neoplasms of glomus bodies. Here we report a rare case of malignant glomus tumour of soft tissue. The tumour was 8 cm in size, infiltrating deep tissue, with nuclear atypia, high mitotic activity (6/HPF), atypical mitosis and showed recurrence, thus fulfilling all the criteria of malignancy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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FNAC of gouty tophi--a case report.
Milan B Purohit, Trupti M Purohit, Rakesh K Tandon
January 2006, 49(1):42-3
PMID:16625976
A 52 yrs old male presented with multiple, painless, firm nodules over extremities, which were mimicking benign neoplastic lesion. Fine needle aspiration was performed from three such nodules which revealed chalky white aspirate. After staining the smears with H&E and Giemsa stains, smears show amorphous pink material, needle shaped crystalline structures, many macrophages and foreign body type giant cells. A diagnosis of gouty tophi was offered which was confirmed by histopathology and serum uric acid level.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  599 0 2
Adrenocortical carcinomas : a 12-year clinicopathologic study of 15 cases.
V Menon, Shanta V Krishnamurthy
January 2006, 49(1):7-11
PMID:16625963
Adrenal cortical carcinomas are rare neoplasms and the definitive diagnostic criteria are distant metastasis and / or local invasion. Due to advances in imaging techniques, adrenal cortical neoplasms are discovered earlier and are smaller, increasing the need for more accurate diagnosis and pathologic indicators of prognosis. A twelve year retrospective clinicopathologic analysis of 15 histopathologically proven cases of adrenocortical carcinomas was done. Clinical details including radiologic findings, endocrine manifestations and gross finding were analysed. Hematoxylin and eosin stained slides were reviewed. Emphasis was on application of Weiss criteria. All fifteen tumors fulfilled Weiss criteria of malignancy, ie. all 15 possessed 3 or more of these criteria of malignancy. Functional tumors showed a greater representation of mixed cell type. It was concluded that Weiss criteria is easy to apply and that a combined evaluation of clinical features, size, weight and microscopic appearance seems necessary for the diagnosis of adrenocortical carcinomas.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  571 0 -
Paratesticular papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma--a case report.
Rinsey Rose Kurian, NS Prema, A Belthazar
January 2006, 49(1):36-7
PMID:16625973
A case of paratesticular papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma in a six year old child is presented. The occurrence of these epithelial tumours of the ovarian type, in the paratesticular region is extremely rare and only six cases have been reported so far. They are thought to arise from Mullerian metaplasia of the peritoneal lining of the tunica vaginalis, appendix testis or mullerian remnants between the testis and spermatic cord.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  561 0 2
Right-sided colonic angiodysplasia in a young patient-a case report.
J Parikh, T Kadam, I Desai
January 2006, 49(1):34-5
PMID:16625972
The histological diagnosis of angiodysplasia is one of the most difficult problems in G.I.T. pathology. These lesions are presumed to be degenerative in nature, commonly found in population over 60 years of age and rarely in young patients. So, diagnosis of angiodysplasia in this age group is even more difficult. We present a case of massive bleeding from colonic angiodysplasia in a 22-year-old female to increase awareness of this uncommon but potentially life threatening cause of lower intestinal bleeding in younger age group.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  553 0 1
Histopatholgical spectrum of thymic neoplasms : twelve-year experience at a referral hospital in north India.
B Radotra, A Awasthi, K Joshi, A Das
January 2006, 49(1):1-6
PMID:16625962
This study was undertaken to determine the histopathological spectrum and clinical profile of thymic neoplasms at a tertiary referral care centre. A total of 96 thymectomy specimens were received during the study period (1992-2004), which consisted of 54 neoplasms and 42 benign lesions. Among the neoplasms there were 48 thymic epithelial tumors, 3 thymolipomas and 3 thymic carcinoids. The former comprised of 36 male (75%) and 12 female patients (25%) ranging in age from 2-70 years (mean 37 years). Among paraneoplastic syndromes in thymic epithelial tumours, 27 out of 48 (56.25%) cases were associated with myasthenia gravis and one case was associated with pure red cell aplasia. The most frequent histological subtype was cortical thymoma (43.24%) followed by predominantly cortical (24.32%) and well-differentiated thymic carcinoma (18.92%). On staging, all cases of mixed and predominantly cortical subtype were stage 1 whereas one medullary and 2 cortical thymomas and 4 well differentiated thymic carcinoma (WDTC) showed pleural and pericardial invasion (stage III). This study has revealed that half of thymic epithelial tumours presented as myasthenia gravis. The cortical thymoma was the most frequently encountered histologic subtype and most commonly associated with myasthenia gravis.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  552 0 2
Interleukin 2 receptor expression in renal biopsies and the diagnosis of acute allograft rejection.
A Mathan, S Kuruvilla, G Abraham
January 2006, 49(1):12-6
PMID:16625964
The aim of the study is to test the diagnostic usefulness of assessing interleukin 2 receptor (IL2R) expression in infiltrating lymphocytes in renal biopsies from patients with suspected acute renal allograft rejection and to compare the NIH-CCTT and the Banff 97 systems of classifying the histopathologic changes in acute renal allograft rejection. The expression of interleukin 2 (IL2) and IL2R, as shown immuno-histochemically, is the final step in T cell mediated acute renal allograft rejection. Renal biopsies obtained from 40 patients clinically suspected to have early acute allograft rejection were examined histologically to diagnose acute allograft rejection and classified by the two systems. Frozen sections of the biopsies were stained with specific antibody for the presence of IL2R. 31 of the 40 patients were histologically and clinically confirmed to have acute allograft rejection. There was significant correlation with this diagnosis and the demonstration of IL2R on infiltrating lymphocytes. The CCTT system of grading correlated better with the presence of IL2R and the confirmed diagnosis of acute allograft rejection. The immunohistochemical demonstration of IL2R is a useful adjunct in the evaluation of biopsies suspected to show changes of acute cellular rejection. Since IL2 expression reflects the relative proportion of activated lymphocytes in the cellular infiltrate, it is proposed that the degree of IL2 expression may reflect the response of the use of monoclonal antibodies (Humanised/Chimaerised) as anti rejection therapy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  541 0 1
Prevalence of anti-cysticercus antibodies in slum, rural and urban populations in and around Union territory, Chandigarh.
S Khurana, A Aggarwal, N Malla
January 2006, 49(1):51-3
PMID:16625979
A comparative analysis for the prevalence of anti-cysticercus antibodies was carried out in urban, rural and slum population in & around Union territory of Chandigarh. Prevalence of anti-cysticercus antibodies in different population groups was found to be 17.3% with highest prevalence (24%) reported from slum areas followed by that of rural areas (20%) and least in the urban organized sectors (8%). Only 8% of the seropositive individuals had history suggestive of neurocysticercosis. Overall, females showed the highest anti-cysticercus response of 20.4%.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  530 0 7
Acinetobacter sepsis in neonates.
I Shukla, S Siddiqui, Syed Manazir Ali
January 2006, 49(1):59-60
PMID:16625982
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  504 0 1
Multiple hydatid cysts of ovary and spleen--a case report.
VS Rathod, SB Rathod, SV Suvernakar
January 2006, 49(1):23-23
PMID:16625967
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  420 0 1
Morphometrical analysis in endometrial hyperplasia : predictive of progression to cancer.
H Mohan, JP Baak
January 2006, 49(1):21-2
PMID:16625966
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
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In-vitro evaluation of "piperacillin and tazobactum" combination in a tertiary-care hospital--a preliminary study.
N Kumari, TM Mohapatra, A Rai, SK Bhattacharya
January 2006, 49(1):57-8
PMID:16625981
Full text not available     [PubMed]
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