Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 1997  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 531-8

Early detection of tuberculous meningitis using one step competitive ELISA.

Department of Microbiology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Bombay

Correspondence Address:
A K Naidu
Department of Microbiology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Bombay

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 9444867

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A one step competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was developed to detect mycobacterial antigen in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis and compared with a standard competitive ELISA method. Indigenously prepared soluble extract of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37 Rv was used as antigen. The study was conducted using CSF of 230 clinically diagnosed cases of tuberculous meningit is and 208 control subjects. A cutoff value of 0.57 ng/ml by the one step ELISA and 0.5 ng/ml by the standard ELISA method were determined. The specificity of both methods were 100% and positivity was 68.26% and 70.43% respectively. A follow up study was conducted in 63 cases at various interval of time after starting anti-tubercular therapy i.e. at 3 weeks (63 cases), 6 weeks (27 cases) and > or = 4-12 months (13 cases). It was observed that antigen levels decreased gradually, but were much above the cutoff range. Indigenously prepared antigen was compared with antigen prepared in other laboratories and standard molecular weight markers using SDS PAGE (Sodium Do-decyl Sulphate Polycrylamide Gel Electrophoresis).

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