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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2000  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 303-9

Cytohistological study of urinary bladder neoplasms.


Department of Pathology, MLN Medical College, Allahabad

Correspondence Address:
V Misra
Department of Pathology, MLN Medical College, Allahabad

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 11218677

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Eighty patients presenting with painless hematuria and 24 patients of transitional cell carcinoma bladder coming for follow up were included in this study to assess the role of exfoliative (voided urine) and lavage (saline lavage) cytology in initial diagnosis and follow up of the patient with carcinoma bladder. Freshly voided urine samples and saline lavage bladder washing samples were collected. A thorough cystoscopic examination was done and biopsy was taken from any apparent growth. Cytological smears were stained with hematoxylene and eosin and PAP's stain, histology sections were stained with hematoxylene and eosin. A statistically significant correlation (p < 0.001) was observed between the increasing grade of malignancy and cytopositivity. A good association was observed between histology and two methods of cytology (p < 0.01). The sensitivity, specificity and overall diagnostic accuracy of lavage cytology was more as compared to exfoliative cytology (71.05%, 56.0%, 78.85% Vs 47.37%, 41.18% and 61.54%). Cystopositivity was more with single large sessile tumour as compared to multiple small pedunculated tumours. Cytohistological discrepancy was observed in patients of transitional cell carcinoma with recurrence. It is concluded that cytology may act as a good adjuvant to histology in picking up early flat lesions and/or follow up of patients with transitional cell carcinoma.


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