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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2000  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 433-6

Prevalence of enterically transmitted hepatitis viruses in patients attending a tertiary--care hospital in south India.


Departments of Clinical Virology and Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore

Correspondence Address:
S Radhakrishnan
Departments of Clinical Virology and Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 11344607

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The prevalance of enterically transmitted hepatitis viruses, namely, hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) were studied in 404 patients with acute hepatitis attending a tertiary-care hospital in south India. Presence of current HAV/HEV infection was ascertained by the demonstration of IgM antibodies. In 381 patients tested for both agents, HAV IgM was present in 51(13.3%) and HEV IgM present in 66(17.3%). There was dual infection in 3 males (0.8%). HEV infection was seen mostly in older children and adults with only 5.5% occurring in children < 12 years of age. HAV infection was commonly seen to occur in < 12 years of age group (52.7%). One hundred and twenty-six patients were from the Vellore region, among whom HAV and/or HEV aetiology was observed in 28.5%. In this region there did not appear to be any correlation between occurrence of acute hepatitis due to these viruses and rainfall or environmental temperature. Acute hepatitis due to enteric hepatitis viruses was seen throughout the year.


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