Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 472-474

Study of clinical spectrum and risk factors of neonatal candidemia

Department of Microbiology, JMF’S ACPM Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rahul Gopichand Wadile
37, Utkarsh Colony, Near Gurukul Vidyalaya, Sakri Road, Dhule - 424 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.168888

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Context: Candida colonization in neonates results in significant morbidity and mortality. The prevalence and clinical significance of neonatal candidemia are poorly understood. Aims: This study aimed to study clinical spectrum and risk factors of neonatal candidemia. Settings and Methods: 108 cases of septicemia were studied. Blood samples were collected into Glucose broth and Bile broth, which are inoculated on Blood agar and MacConkey's agar and incubated at 37° C for 7 days. Candida species were isolated were confirmed by standard techniques. Statistical Analysis Used: The data was collected and analyzed using by using SPSS IBM Company, Chicago, Version 16.0. Results: 62 newborn patients who had a positive Candida blood culture. 47 (79.03%) were low birth weight and 37 (59.67%) were male. 19 (30.65%) were died. Candida species was a contributory factor to mortality in 14 (73.68%) patients. Among Candida isolates, Candida albicans was the commonest (65%) followed by Candida parapsilosis (15%) and Candida glabrata (10%). The risk factors like intrapartum use of antibiotics, vaginal delivery, low birth weight are identified in culture positive neonates. Conclusions: Candida species are assuming an increasing role in nosocomial infections in neonates and is associated with an increased risk of mortality.

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