Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 366-370

Platelet function tests: A 5-year audit of platelet function tests done for bleeding disorders in a tertiary care center of a developing country

Department of Hematology and Clinical Pathology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sabina Langer
Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi - 110 060
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_758_17

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Introduction: The platelet function disorders remain largely undiagnosed or incompletely diagnosed in developing nations due to lack of availability of tests like lumiaggregometry, granule release assay or molecular testing. We performed a retrospective analysis of all the platelet function test (PFT) carried out in past 5 years by Light transmission aggregometery (LTA) using a panel of agonist. The indications and the test results were analyzed by two hematopathologist with the aim to look into the present diagnostic facilities or lack of it for correct diagnosis. This is essential for better management and genetic counselling. Materials and Methods: The PFT was performed both on patients and healthy unrelated age specific controls by light transmission aggregometry on Chronolog platelet aggregometer using platelet rich plasma. The panel of agonists included ADP (10μm/l and 2.0 μm/l), epinephrine (10.0 μm/l), collagen (2μg/ml), arachidonic acid (0.75 mM) and ristocetin (1.25 mg/ml & 0.25 mg/l). Results: The 5 years records of 110 cases were audited, 101 of these were tested for clinical bleeding , 35 adults and 66 children. The adults included 29 women and 6 men, 17 to 82 years of age. The children were 16 years to 3 months of age, 30 girls and 36 boys. Platelet function test abnormality was found in 31.6% (32/101) cases ,a majority remained undiagnosed of these about 21% had clinically significant bleeding.The cases diagnosed included Glanzmann Thromboasthenia-11 , von Willebrand Disease-6, Bernard Soulier'syndrome-1, storage pool disorder-6, mild defect of Epinephrine-3, isolated defect with collagen in1. Conclusion: An epidemiologically large proportion of platelet function disorders amongst people living in developing nations remain undiagnosed. This lacunae needs to be highlighted and addressed on larger scale. The options available are to increase the available armamentarium of tests or international collaboration with a specialized laboratory to aid in complete diagnosis.

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