Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 221-225

Loss of ASXL1 expression is associated with lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer

1 Department of Surgery, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Surgery, Dongguk University Medical Center, Gyeongju, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
4 Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Correspondence Address:
Kang H Lee
222-1 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul - 04763
Republic of Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_822_19

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Context: The function of ASXL1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been investigated yet. Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic impact of ASXL1 expression on CRC. Settings and Design: The intensity of expression was scored as 0–3, and the extent of staining was scored as 0–4, based on the percentage of positive cells. The immunoreactivity score (IRS) was calculated by multiplying the two scores. Materials and Methods: We performed immunohistochemical staining of ASXL1 using tissue microarrays of 408 CRCs, 46 normal colonic mucosae, 48 adenomas, and 92 metastatic lymph nodes. Statistical Analysis Used: Clinicopathological variables were compared using Fisher's exact test, χ2-test, or unpaired Student's t-test, depending on the nature of the data. Results: A negative expression of ASXL1 was observed in 10.9% of normal mucosae, 27.1% of adenomas, 55.6% of adenocarcinomas, and 71.7% of metastatic lymph nodes (P < 0.001). With respect to the IRS cut-off score, lymph node metastasis and lymphatic invasion were more frequent in the IRS 0–6 group than in the IRS 8–12 group (56.3% vs. 33.3%, P = 0.034; 56.0% vs. 33.3%, P = 0.035). The 5-year disease-free survival rate was significantly lower in patients with IRS 0–6 group than those with IRS 8–12 group (78.7 ± 2.5 vs. 100%, P = 0.034). Conclusion: ASXL1 might act as a tumor suppressor in CRC. The loss of ASXL1 expression might be associated with lymph node metastasis and lymphatic invasion in CRC.

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