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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 63-68

Artificial intelligence technologies empowering identification of novel diagnostic molecular markers in gastric cancer


1 Department of Pathology, MotiLal Nehru Medical College, Prayagraj, India
2 Centre of Biotechnology, University of Allahabad, Prayagraj, India
3 Department of Biological Sciences, SHUATS, Prayagraj, India
4 Department of Pathology, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vatsala Misra
Department of Pathology, MotiLal Nehru Medical College, Prayagraj - 211 001, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_950_20

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In recent clinical practice the molecular diagnostics have been significantly empowered and upgraded by the use of Artificial Intelligence and its assisted technologies. The use of Machine leaning and Deep Learning Neural network architectures have brought in a new dimension in clinical oncological research and development. These algorithm based software system with enhanced digital image analysis have emerged into a new branch of digital pathology and contributed immensely towards precision medicine and personal diagnostics. In India, gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in males as well as in females. Various molecular biomarkers are associated with gastric cancer development and progression of which HER2 protein, a transmembrane tyrosine kinase (TK) receptor of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) family is of prime importance. The EGF receptor expression in gastric cancer is linked with its prognostics and theragnostics. These expressions are assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and molecular techniques such as Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH), as per recommendations for HER2 targeted immunotherapy. These have motivated the software giants like Google Inc. to produce innovative state of art technologies mimicking human traits such as learning and problem solving skill sets. This field is still under development and is slowly evolving and capturing global importance in recent times. A literature search on PubMed was performed to access updated information for this manuscript.


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