Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology


Year
: 2002  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 299--302

A study of keratomycosis : our experience.


Namrata Kumari, Anima Xess, S K Shahi 
 Department of Microbiology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sheikhpura, Patna

Correspondence Address:
Namrata Kumari
Department of Microbiology, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sheikhpura, Patna

The aim of the present study was to determine the etiological agents, predisposing factors and important diagnostic tests in keratomycosis in Patna. During period of 2 years, 204 clinically suspected cases of keratomycosis were studied by microscopy (10% KOH smear preparation and Gram«SQ»s staining) and culture (for bacteria as well as fungus). Out of 204 clinically suspected cases, 76 cases (37.23%) were reported positive for fungus by microscopy and culture. 77% cases were between the age group of 21 to 50 years. Males were more than double the number of females affected. 82% patients were farmers by occupation. 81.58% cases gave a definite history of antecedent corneal trauma. 6.58% cases were known diabetics. Peak incidence was recorded in the months of September-October of the years. Single fungal isolates were present in 63 cases (31%) and multiple were there in 3 cases (1.47%). Mixed isolates of bacteria and fungi were there in 4.90% cases. The predominant isolate was Aspergillus species--42 cases (52.26%) followed by Candida--7 cases (9.21%), Penicillium--6 cases (7.89%) and Fusarium-6 cases (7.89%). Ten (13.15%) of fungal isolates remained unidentified. Therefore mycotic keratitis should be suspected in every patient with a corneal lesion and should be ruled out promptly to save sight and before commencing steroids and antibiotics.


How to cite this article:
Kumari N, Xess A, Shahi S. A study of keratomycosis : our experience. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2002;45:299-302


How to cite this URL:
Kumari N, Xess A, Shahi S. A study of keratomycosis : our experience. Indian J Pathol Microbiol [serial online] 2002 [cited 2021 Oct 24 ];45:299-302
Available from: https://www.ijpmonline.org/article.asp?issn=0377-4929;year=2002;volume=45;issue=3;spage=299;epage=302;aulast=Kumari;type=0