Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61--64

Study of virulence factors of uropathogenic Escherichia coli and its antibiotic susceptibility pattern


Seema Mittal, Madhu Sharma, Uma Chaudhary 
 Department of Microbiology, Pt. B.D. Sharm PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Seema Mittal
Department of Microbiology, Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak - 124 001, Haryana
India

Context: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common nosocomial infections, caused by Escherichia coli. This study determined the presence of virulence factors in the organism and correlates it with the multi-drug resistance (MDR). Aims: The aim of the following study is to assess the virulence factors of uropathogenic E. coli and antibiotic susceptibility pattern. Settings and Design: This was a prospective study conducted in the Department of Microbiology in PT. B. D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak. Subjects and Methods: The study was conducted over a period of 1 year. Urine samples received were processed as per standard microbiological procedures. Virulence factors such as hemolysin, hemagglutination, cell surface hydrophobicity, serum resistance, gelatinase and siderophore production were studied. The antimicrobial susceptibility was done as per Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute Guidelines. Statistical Analysis Used: The data was analyzed by using SPSS(Statistical Package for the social sciences) IBM Corporation version 17.0. A two sided P ≤ 0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: Hemolysin production was seen in 47.4%, hemagglutination in 74.8%, cell surface hydrophobicity in 61%, serum resistance in 59%, gelatinase in 67.5% and siderophore production in 88% isolates. Nitrofurantoin was found to be most effective followed by, gatifloxacin and gentamicin. Twenty nine percent (29.62%) isolates were MDR. Conclusions: Therefore, the knowledge of virulence factors of E. coli and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern will help in better understanding of the organism and in the treatment of UTI.


How to cite this article:
Mittal S, Sharma M, Chaudhary U. Study of virulence factors of uropathogenic Escherichia coli and its antibiotic susceptibility pattern.Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2014;57:61-64


How to cite this URL:
Mittal S, Sharma M, Chaudhary U. Study of virulence factors of uropathogenic Escherichia coli and its antibiotic susceptibility pattern. Indian J Pathol Microbiol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Sep 21 ];57:61-64
Available from: https://www.ijpmonline.org/article.asp?issn=0377-4929;year=2014;volume=57;issue=1;spage=61;epage=64;aulast=Mittal;type=0